B.C. on track to lose more than 2,000 people to illicit drug poisonings this year

A paramedic from B.C. Ambulance prepares a large dose of Naloxone as they respond to a drug overdose in downtown Vancouver, Wednesday, June 23, 2021. Over the past several years the drug overdoses not only across British Columbia but throughout Canada have but grown. On June, 23, 2021 for instance B.C. Ambulance paramedics responded to 140 overdose calls across the province with 42 of those being just in Vancouver. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jonathan HaywardA paramedic from B.C. Ambulance prepares a large dose of Naloxone as they respond to a drug overdose in downtown Vancouver, Wednesday, June 23, 2021. Over the past several years the drug overdoses not only across British Columbia but throughout Canada have but grown. On June, 23, 2021 for instance B.C. Ambulance paramedics responded to 140 overdose calls across the province with 42 of those being just in Vancouver. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jonathan Hayward
A woman walks a bike past shoes hung on the Burrard Bridge in remembrance of victims of illicit drug overdose deaths on International Overdose Awareness Day, in Vancouver, on Monday, August 31, 2020. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl DyckA woman walks a bike past shoes hung on the Burrard Bridge in remembrance of victims of illicit drug overdose deaths on International Overdose Awareness Day, in Vancouver, on Monday, August 31, 2020. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck
A person receives heroin from the Drug User Liberation Front, who were handing out a safe supply of illicit drugs in the Downtown Eastside to mark the five-year anniversary of British Columbia declaring a public health emergency in the overdose crisis, in Vancouver, on Wednesday, April 14, 2021. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl DyckA person receives heroin from the Drug User Liberation Front, who were handing out a safe supply of illicit drugs in the Downtown Eastside to mark the five-year anniversary of British Columbia declaring a public health emergency in the overdose crisis, in Vancouver, on Wednesday, April 14, 2021. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck

Every minute counts.

BC EHS paramedic have mere minutes to inject naloxone into the bloodstream of someone suffering an overdose before their heart stops.

A total of 1,011 British Columbians have died as a result of the province’s illicit drug crisis in the first six months of 2021 – a grim record in the province’s ongoing battle with a toxic drug supply.

Illicit versions of fentanyl and carfentanil, the two drugs wreaking havoc in British Columbia, have accounted for 87 per cent of those deaths.

In an update on Overdose Awareness Day (Aug. 31), the BC Coroners Service announced that 159 people fatally overdosed in June alone, making the ninth consecutive month when more than 150 died.

In a news conference, chief coroner Lisa Lapointe reiterated that the ongoing pandemic has fuelled an increase in the toxicity of B.C.’s illicit drug supply. Paired with social distancing measures that have driven many to use alone, 82 per cent of overdoses so far this year have been in private or other indoor residences.

Brian Twaites, advanced care paramedic and paramedic specialist, told reporters that paramedics have been responding to an exponential increase of overdose calls this year, with no apparent end in sight.

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“People often ask me what we can do to stop this crisis, and I don’t know what the answer is. The only advice I can give is if you are using recreational drugs, please, please do not use it alone.” Twaites said.

When asked what needs to be done to “actually effect change,” Lapointe said there needs to be meaningful coordination between all levels of government to provide a safe supply of clean drugs for those struggling with addiction. Attitudes need to change, too, in order to remove the stigma of providing harm reduction measures and easily accessible treatment.

“I think it’s very clear that B.C. needs a safe supply,” Lapointe said. Projections for 2021 estimate there may be as many as 2,000 or more deaths by the end of the year.

Since 2016, when former provincial health officer Dr. Perry Kendall declared overdose fatalities the province’s first-ever public health emergency, a total of 7,760 lives have been lost.

Overdoses in B.C. are on track to be the second most common cause of deaths in the province with malignant cancers being the first.

Forty-four years old is the average age for someone to die from an illicit drug poisoning. Roughly 80 per cent of fatalities have been men.

“This is someone’s best friend, a mother, a father, someone’s brother or sister and most tragically someone’s child,” Twaites said.

The latest cases come as a federal election is underway, with many advocates looking closely at how party leaders plan to address substance use disorder, mental health and social housing.

Long-time Moms Stop the Harm advocate Leslie McBain, who lost her son to a toxic drug poisoning in 2014, called on the government to put in place measures that could stop further overdose deaths.

“Why, when we are characterized as a socially conscious province and country, would we allow this to happen?,” she said.

“How many people must die before all levels of government have the courage to say enough is enough?”

Neither provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry, Health Minister Adrian Dix nor Mental Health Minister Sheila Malcolmson were present at Tuesday’s briefing.

In an interview, Malcolmson said the effort against overdoses lost ground during the pandemic, but more lives would have been lost if there hadn’t been more spending on addiction programs.

“I appreciate none of this is any comfort to someone who has lost a loved one, and that so many people continue to die from the toxic drug crisis shows we need to do more,” she said in an interview. “We’re working on doing that every day. It’s not from a lack of political will.”

– with a file from The Canadian Press


@ashwadhwani
ashley.wadhwani@bpdigital.ca

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B.C. overdoses